SQL Data Analyst Job Description

SQL data analysts design scripts and programs to perform specific database functions and to analyze and maintain data. Many types of businesses hire SQL data analysts to work full-time business hours. SQL data analysts primarily work in office environments and report to the tech department manager or data supervisor. SQL data analysts are not required to travel to perform their usual duties and typically work with little supervision.


SQL Data Analyst Duties and Responsibilities

Duties vary for SQL data analysts based on the specific needs of the hiring company and the amount of data being analyzed. However, these core tasks are commonly associated with this job:

Integrate Data

SQL data analysts integrate data from multiple data sets into o:ne database system to streamline information.

Create Database Functions

SQL data analysts program specific database functions to create database triggers and design data tables.

Design Reports

After reviewing and analyzing data, SQL data analysts design reports to show statistics and other information about specific database topics.

Clean Database

SQL data analysts remove dead data files and other irrelevant information to free up database space.

Write Scripts

SQL data analysts write scripts to analyze data and perform specific data queries.

Resolve Data Issues

SQL data analysts isolate and resolve issues with data and databases.

Add Data

SQL data analysts collect data from multiple sources and add it to the database.


SQL Data Analyst Skills and Qualifications

SQL data analysts use their in-depth knowledge of SQL programming to write programs and scripts that analyze and organize data. Employers look for candidates who have all the following skills:

  • Programming – SQL data analysts have strong programming skills, particularly in SQL, structured query language, and other common programming languages
  • Computer skills – because SQL data analysts perform their work on computers, highly advanced computer skills are required for this job
  • Mathematics – SQL data analysts use math to write complex scripts and queries in SQL and other programming languages
  • Analytical thinking – sharp analytical thinking is essential for SQL data analysts, who analyze specific data sets and statistics
  • Attention to detail – SQL data analysts must be highly detail oriented to write SQL programs and monitor data
  • Multitasking – SQL data analysts work with multiple data sources and data sets, which requires a talent for multitasking


SQL Data Analyst Education and Training

Most employers require SQL data analysts to have a bachelor’s degree in mathematics, statistics, business, or a related field. Additionally, many employers require SQL data analysts to have past work experience with programming and databases. For some employers, a master’s degree will suffice in place of work experience.

Little to no training is provided to SQL data analysts, as they already have extensive knowledge of SQL programming prior to being hired. Many companies offer an orientation period where SQL data analysts learn more about the company’s specific needs. During this period, SQL data analysts familiarize themselves with the company before assuming a full workload. This period is generally brief, typically lasting one to two weeks.


SQL Data Analyst Salary and Outlook

According to PayScale, the median annual salary for SQL data analysts is $61,128. However, job data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) shows that database administrators (who perform many of the same duties) earn $87,020 in median annual pay, or $41.84 per hour. The BLS projects that these jobs will rise 11 percent through 2026. This is faster than the national job growth average.

SQL data analysts receive complete benefits packages that include health, dental, vision, and life insurance coverage. Often, retirement planning options are also provided. Paid holidays, sick days, and vacation days are standard benefits. Some companies provide SQL data analysts with additional perks, such as profit-sharing bonuses, gym memberships, and free parking.


Helpful Resources

Find career resources, SQL techniques, programming tips, data industry events, and other helpful information for SQL data analysts with these books and websites:

Digital Analytics Association – browse through professional development resources, job openings, upcoming event dates, and research documents at the DAA website

What Is SQL? Database Learning Basics for Business Professionals – master all the basics of SQL with this guidebook that teaches techniques on writing SQL queries. This text is a how-to guide for beginners and a refresher for SQL programming professionals

Data Science Association – find news updates, browse through a digital library, and search for upcoming events in data science at the DSA website

Write Better SQL Queries + SQL Interview Questions – learn how to write better SQL queries, a skill every SQL data analyst needs, with the tips and strategies in this book

Modern Analyst – find job openings, watch training webinars, and explore content related to data analytics at this website designed for all types of data analysts and analytical professionals

Oracle SQL and PL/SQL Handbook: A Guide for Data Administrators, Developers, and Business Analysts – use this handbook to find solutions to all sorts of SQL issues, get tips on troubleshooting, and learn strategies for using other programming languages in addition to SQL


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