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System Architects design, configure, operate and perform maintenance on networking and computer systems — including hardware, software, web portals, internet and intranet connections, firewalls, servers, and security — that allow company infrastructures to function. They consider the size, resources, data needs, desired user experience and budget of each company to determine its computing needs.

Tasked with the overall design and maintenance of an IT system, System Architects must be knowledgeable in this area of expertise. System Architects can locate job opportunities in small, medium and large firms and companies and as independent contractors. Demand for System Architects is expected to increase 9 percent through 2024, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports.

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System Architect Duties and Responsibilities

To accomplish their main functions of bringing together the pieces — or architecture — of a system while ensuring that current and future performance and scalability are achievable, System Architects perform a wide range of tasks. We examined various job listings to identify these main System Architect duties and responsibilities.

Strategy & Planning

System architects are responsible for designing and implementing short and long-term strategic goals for managing and maintaining systems and software. In addition, they must make sure that all planned and in-place system architectures are aligned with the specific firm's goals. They provide their expertise and architectural assistance to other IT personnel including software teams, System Analysts and Engineers. They conduct research on new technologies in the field of systems development and create and develop plans for investing in such systems that will increase cost effectiveness and flexibility.

Acquisition & Deployment

In this area of responsibility, System Architects design, create and monitor the implementation of end-to-end integrated systems. They also review new and existing system designs and make recommendations for improving or altering the systems. Negotiating and administering vendor and consultant contracts is also key in this area.

Operational Management

System Architects consult with department heads and end-users to further infrastructure development. They develop and execute test plans to check technical performance of infrastructure and report findings. Based on findings, they make recommendations for improvement. They also develop policies for standardizing systems and manage many of the aspects of IT staffing.

Integrity of Systems

The System Architect is tasked with a balanced and focused development of the system and its maintenance no matter if requirements change. For example, if a reduction in cost is required, the System Architect must not sacrifice the system's performance or reliability.

System Architect Skills

System Architects must not only possess programming skills, they also require organization and conceptualization skills. They are able to easily engage in abstract thinking and logical reasoning and have the ability to self-evaluate and adapt efficiently. They should also be able to delegate tasks to other members of the IT team so that they can focus on their area of expertise. In addition to these general personality traits and skills, employers are seeking System Architect candidates who have the following skills:

Professional Skills

  • Extensive experience in the development and implementation of computer systems and networks as a System Architect
  • Working knowledge of DNS, SMTP, IIS 6&7, SQL 2005, Active Directory, and MSMQ
  • Solid understanding of Object-Oriented Programming, coding for large scale web or client-server applications and design and development of application service layers
  • Proficient with Windows Server 2008, Windows 7 and VMware ESX 4.0 and developing a LIMS mandate website using ASP.NET MVC 4.0
  • Proven experience developing strategic system architecture plans
  • Extensive experience in system and network creation and development
  • Solid understanding of information processing fundamentals and best practices
  • Above-average analytical, conceptual and troubleshooting abilities
  • Excellent written and verbal communication skills
  • Experience conducting technology, trends, standards and products research
  • Solid track record in prioritizing and executing tasks when under extreme pressure
  • Experience providing guidance and leadership to novice systems engineers
  • Proven experience identifying, analyzing and resolving system problems
  • Familiarity and expertise in a variety of programs

Tools of the trade

System Architects must utilize various tools each day. If your goal is to become a System Architect, you should be knowledgeable about the following:

Computer servers– Be familiar with DNS, file servers, mail servers and NAS equipment

Network switches– Computer network switches; voice switches, LAN and WAN switches

Load balancers– Be familiar with both load balancers and network server load balancers

Network analyzers – LAN and WAN analyzers, network connectivity testers and ATM analyzers

Network channel or data service units – Know about channel banks and network CSU and DSU

System Architect Education and Training

According to our analysis of online job postings, most employers are seeking System Architect candidates who have a bachelor’s degree in areas such as computer science, engineering or information systems and eight to 10 years of related work experience. Candidates with associate’s degrees in related fields and at least 12 years of experience are also considered by some employers. Those candidates without a degree of any kind usually must have at least 15 years of related experience in an IT discipline, and the field is not as accessible to these candidates. The best path for someone with no degree to achieve a System Architect position would be to work his way up through a company to gain experience and recognition. Be advised that requirements for System Architect positions will differ from company to company.

System Architects Salary

The median annual salary for System Architects, categorized by the BLS as Computer Network Architects, is approximately $101,000. System Architects in the 10th percentile earn about $55,000 annually, while the highest paid make in excess of $158,000 per year. System Architects in California, Oregon and New Jersey earn the highest median salary rate in the U.S. – $125,340, $121,250 and $120,150, respectively.

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System Architect Resources

We used a Web search to find the leading industry resources to support you as you explore a career as a System Architect. From thought leaders to relevant podcasts, this list offers opportunities to learn and connect.

Jeff Dean

Dean co-designed and implemented five generations of Google's crawling indexing and query retrieval systems.


This podcast, which releases new episodes every three weeks, is targeted at software developers and system architects who enjoy software engineering and related topics.

Cloud Unfiltered

Join host Niki Acosta for her interviews with people who want to advance cloud tech and implementation.

DevOps: A Software Architect's Perspective

This book is for those who want to know how to support a devops culture that's involved with cloud computing.

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