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Senior Java developers work with the Java programming language to develop web applications and computer systems. This involves assigning tasks to other team members, designing and testing code, and communicating with clients to analyze their requirements. Typically, senior Java developers work in-house as part of a team, with other colleagues contributing to designing and developing successful software, although some developers work remotely. This is usually a full-time position, but additional hours are common when deadlines are approaching. Senior Java developers should be technically minded, creative, and excellent problem-solvers.

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Senior Java Developer Duties and Responsibilities

Senior Java developers carry out a variety of duties depending on the organization they work for. Based on job listings we analyzed, their responsibilities typically involve:

Analyze Client Needs

Senior Java developers work with users and clients to determine what their needs are and then develop the appropriate software to meet those requirements. As senior staff, they assign tasks to employees.

Design and Test Software

Once the development plan is in place, senior Java developers work with colleagues to design, test, and develop software to fulfill the project. They also recommend upgrades to existing programs as required.

Create Plan Diagrams

Designing a system requires a detailed plan of how each aspect of the application will work as one, so senior Java developers create plans and models, often as flowcharts, that show programmers how the code will work together for the software.

Write Documentation

Senior Java developers create documentation to detail how applications or systems work together to ensure they're maintained properly in the future and to help with any upgrades.

Collaborate to Create Software

Senior Java developers work with other computer specialists and collaborate with teams within the company to develop software. They write or amend code for either stand-alone applications or those that access servers to create optimum systems for the business.

Senior Java Developer Skills and Qualifications

Senior Java developers should have strong attention to detail and a creative approach to projects, and they must enjoy finding solutions to problems. Typically, employers will require a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a similar subject, as well as a minimum of five years’ experience and the following abilities:

  • Analytical skills - senior Java developers need to analyze and assess a user or client's needs to find the most suitable solution for them, so strong analytical skills are vital for this job
  • Problem-solving skills - as coding issues emerge, senior Java developers find the right resolution for the problem. Applicants for this role should enjoy problem-solving and fixing errors
  • Creativity - senior Java developers need a creative mindset to think outside the box and find alternative ways to develop computer systems
  • Attention to detail - senior Java developers work on various parts of a system or application, so they must be focused and detail oriented to spot any inaccuracies or errors within the code
  • Interpersonal skills - this job requires working closely with other team members as well as clients to ascertain what they need from an application or system. Senior Java developers need excellent interpersonal skills to do this efficiently

Senior Java Developer Education and Training

The minimum requirement to become a senior Java developer is a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a similar subject, along with at least five years’ experience working with the Java programming language. Many students studying computer science also take part in internships to gain practical experience. Applicants looking to gain a competitive edge may find a master’s degree beneficial to their resume. Senior Java developers need to stay up to date with the latest programming tools and computer languages, as well as trends in the industry.

Senior Java Developer Salary and Outlook

The median annual salary for senior Java developer is nearly $102,000, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Senior Java developers in the 10th percentile earn around $60,000 annually, while the highest paid earn close to $160,000 a year. This higher salary includes bonus packages that can reach up to $15,000 based on individual or group performance, and profit-sharing opportunities that can reach as much as $12,000.

The hiring company and prior experience impact the pay for this role, and many employers offer dental plans and medical insurance as part of their benefits package. The BLS predicts this sector will grow 24 percent through 2026.

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Helpful Resources

We’ve collected some of the best resources to help you learn more about working as a senior Java developer:

Mastering Java Machine Learning

this useful and comprehensive guide covers key theoretical and practical topics in data science. The book includes a range of code techniques and over 10 realworld case studies to help readers develop their understanding of this language

Java Cookbook

author Ian Darwin helps readers gain a current overview of the Java language with hundreds of "recipes" across a broad range of topics. His book provides guidance on numerous useful techniques, from debugging and data structures to functional programming

Java Developer Network

nearly 100,000 members have joined this LinkedIn group, making it the perfect place to share knowledge and network with other developers across the globe


this is great resource for Java developers who want to stay ahead of the latest trends and learn more about Java technologies. The site features indepth articles and blog posts, white papers, and opensource coding

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