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A mechanical engineer builds, tests, and designs machine devices for customers. They work to constantly improve engines, devices, and mechanical equipment. Self-motivated and enthusiastic problem-solvers with strong attention to detail will thrive in this role. Mechanical engineers manage computer applications, use CAD design techniques, perform math calculations, and prepare layouts for new products according to their employer’s specifications. They typically work full time in an office setting.

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Mechanical Engineer Duties and Responsibilities

A mechanical engineer’s daily duties will vary depending on their specific industry and employer. However, the following responsibilities are common to most positions:

Engineer Systems and Machines

Engineering is a key part of a mechanical engineer's job. They identify, evaluate, and select needed parts to solve a specific mechanical problem. Mechanical engineers design systems, customer applications, and product development processes using engineering principles.

Develop New Products

On a daily basis, mechanical engineers work with a team to collaboratively create new products. They use manufacturing fundamentals for product improvement and quality control. Mechanical engineers read and interpret new product blueprints and produce required system layouts.

Perform Mechanical Design

Mechanical engineers develop technical drawings, 3D schematics, and CAD models according to customer requirements. They work to familiarize themselves with industrial standards and with material specifications to solve design challenges.

Conduct Testing and Analysis

Creating, performing, and analyzing mechanical tests is a crucial part of a mechanical engineer's job. They also participate in test runs and field installations. After testing, these engineers ensure compliance to product specifications and make improvement suggestions. Mechanical engineers are responsible for documenting test results and writing manuals that other team members can follow.

Develop Process Improvement Solutions

Employers rely on mechanical engineers to identify process defects and develop solutions to eliminate those weaknesses. Mechanical engineers examine equipment and use data to actively address issues before they come major problems. Their job is to collect continuous feedback from coworkers in various personnel departments and use that information to improve the processes and system performance.

Mechanical Engineer Skills and Qualifications

Mechanical engineers should have a passion for mechanical processes and strong mechanical skills. A state-issued professional engineering license is required to work in this field. Employers typically look for candidates with a minimum of two years’ experience in a machinery production field and a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering. They also prefer the following skills:

  • Mechanical design - mechanical engineers perform design tasks and engage in 3D modeling to develop devices, machines, and other products
  • Product design - every day, mechanical engineers practice the disciplines of product design and develop new prototypes
  • Project management - it's the job of mechanical engineers to plan and manage the projects they're working on, lead new product development, and manage quality control while executing a project
  • Technical drawing and writing - mechanical engineers must validate and make changes to technical drawings, mark sketches clearly, document test results, and write technical documentation
  • Troubleshooting - basic problem-solving for manufacturing-related challenges is key skill for mechanical engineers, who must solve difficult problems and design dilemmas
  • Math skills - mechanical engineers use calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced math skills for analysis, design, and troubleshooting
  • Communication skills - successful mechanical engineers must work with various operations teams to upgrade manufacturing projects, so clear interpersonal skills are a must

Tools of the Trade

Mechanical engineers work in an office environment and are comfortable using the following software and equipment in a typical workday:

Microsoft Office (programs including MS Excel, MS Word)

3D imaging tools (may include AutoCAD, Rivent)

Design software (CAD modeling programs such as Creo Parametric)

Mechanical Engineer Education and Training

Mechanical engineers need a bachelor’s degree in mechanical, industrial, or electrical engineering or a related field. Some advanced research roles also require a graduate degree. In all 50 states, employers also require a Professional Engineer (PE) license. Topics covered by the qualifying exam include dynamics of machinery, manufacturing processes, and mathematics for mechanical engineering.

Mechanical Engineer Salary and Outlook

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) lists the national median annual salary for mechanical engineers as $85,880. Mechanical engineers in the bottom 10 percent earn less than $55,310, while the highest paid earn more than $133,900. They usually receive salaries along with a benefits package. The BLS has predicted a job growth rate of 9 percent for this position through 2026.

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Helpful Resources

There are many helpful resources out there for those interested in becoming a mechanical engineer. Check out these links that are full of learning opportunities and latest industry trends:

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

this nonprofit organization helps current and aspiring mechanical engineers to develop skills and acquire technical knowledge through networking events, conferences, seminars, and journals


this online portal of resources for mechanical engineers will help you gain experience and technical knowhow, discover industry conferences and seminars, and network with other mechanical engineers online

Engineering Central

here you can get tools to find an engineering job anywhere in the world, as well as a directory of current employers likely to hire mechanical engineers

Mechanical Engineering Reference Manual for the PE Exam

mechanical engineers preparing for the PE exam will appreciate this quick reference guide

Mechanics of Materials for Dummies

check out this simple, easytounderstand guide to learn the fundamentals good mechanical engineers must know, such as material behavior, geometric compatibility, and simple engineering structures

Is There a Mechanical Engineer Inside You? A Student's Guide to Exploring Careers in Mechanical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering Technology

this guide is full of useful advice to help you create a thriving career in mechanical engineering technology

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