Electrical Maintenance Technician Job Description
Electrical maintenance technicians maintain, repair, install, and upgrade electrical and mechanical equipment, components, tools, and machinery. Electrical maintenance technicians work independently most of the time, but report to their supervisors. People in this position generally work daytime weekday hours, though there will be times when electrical maintenance technicians are required to be on call and work night and weekend hours. Any company that has electrical systems to maintain will hire electrical maintenance technicians, including apartment complexes, construction sites, factories, and warehouses.
Electrical Maintenance Technician Duties and Responsibilities
Electrical maintenance technicians work in many different places and find employment with many types of businesses. No matter where they work, electrical maintenance technicians are required to fulfill these specific duties regularly:
Maintain Electrical and Mechanical Systems
Electrical maintenance technicians must perform regular maintenance on existing systems and design maintenance schedules for all systems to ensure they remain in proper working order.
Electrical maintenance technicians troubleshoot and repair motors, mechanical circuits, and all mechanical and electrical systems.
Routine and on-the-spot tests of all mechanical and electrical systems and circuits must be performed regularly by electrical maintenance technicians.
Follow Safety Regulations
Electrical maintenance technicians are responsible for following and maintaining all OSHA safety standards and regulations with everything they do.
Write Cost Analysis Reports
Electrical maintenance technicians write cost analysis reports for maintaining, upgrading, and repairing machinery and electrical systems.
Train Junior Technicians
Electrical maintenance technicians provide training for junior technicians and advise them on how to follow safety regulations.
All tools and parts used must be tracked by electrical maintenance technicians, and new items must be ordered as needed.
Electrical Maintenance Technician Skills and Qualifications
Electrical maintenance technicians must be good with their hands and have a strong grasp of mechanical and electrical systems and how they work. In addition to electrical training, employers look for candidates who display the following skills:
- Attention to detail – every single circuit and wire must work properly in order for the electrical system to function, so electrical maintenance technicians must be highly detail-oriented
- Customer service – electrical maintenance technicians need to communicate effectively with clients, making good customer service essential
- Leadership skills – because electrical maintenance technicians train junior technicians, employers look for candidates who display leadership abilities
- Communication skills – electrical maintenance technicians write reports and relay important information to clients, so people with strong communication skills have a better chance of excelling in this career
- Knowledge of schematics and blueprints – electrical maintenance technicians must know how to properly read electrical schematics and building blueprints
Tools of the Trade
Electrical maintenance technicians frequently work with many different tools, including:
- Standard hand tools (wrenches, screwdrivers, hammers)
- Power tools (drills, saws)
- Electrician tools (wire cutters, clamps, pliers)
Electrical Maintenance Technician Education and Training
Electrical maintenance technicians must have a high school diploma or equivalent in order to pursue this career path. Employers also look for candidates who have some work experience in electrical, manufacturing, industrial, or construction environments. All electrical maintenance technicians must know all OSHA safety regulations and stay up-to-date on changes to safety policies.
Most employers will require that candidates pass an electrician competency test. Some companies create their own test based on their needs, while others may use the standardized SKAT electrical test or the Apprentice Electrical Technician Test (ETT). The ETT test has about 40 questions and takes three hours or less to complete. Candidates are not required to have a journeyman electrician license, but having one can increase a candidate’s chance of getting a job. It is also helpful for candidates to know how to operate a forklift, though this is not a hard requirement.
Electrical Maintenance Technician Salary and Outlook
The average hourly rate for electrical and electronics engineer technicians, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is $29.90 per hour. That equates to a median annual salary of $62,190. There were 137,000 jobs available in this field in 2016, and the BLS projects job growth for this career at 2 percent. This is slower than the national average.
Electrical maintenance technicians can expect to receive a full benefits package including health, dental, and vision insurance. Retirement planning benefits are also offered as a standard perk, as are paid holidays and vacation leave.
Use the following websites and books to learn how to find and keep a job as an electrical maintenance technician:
InterNational Electrical Testing Association – Visit the NETA website to find more information about electrical certification programs and accreditation testing.
Industrial Maintenance Electrical & Instrumentation Technician, Level 3: Trainee Guide, 3rd Edition – This guide contains text and illustrations for electrical maintenance technicians, including information about machinery, tools, and calculations needed to perform the job.
Electrical Generating Systems Association – The EGSA is for people in electrical careers of all sorts. Its website provides resources and information about trade shows, certification programs, and educational opportunities for electrical professionals.
Industrial Maintenance – Use this book to learn about maintenance of mechanical and electrical systems, including important safety information and electrical theory that helps professionals advance in their chosen career path.
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