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HTML developers are front-end web developers who use coding languages to create the visual appearance of websites. They are employed by corporations and small businesses alike, and many work on a freelance basis. HTML developers must possess a love for learning new skills, as the environment and technology related to this career are constantly changing. HTML developers often collaborate with web designers and back-end web developers. Because this is a demanding job, candidates must be able to effectively handle stress. Well-organized people with strong time management skills and technical aptitude are great candidates for this role.

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HTML Developer Duties and Responsibilities

While specific duties vary based on employment sector and projects, there are several core tasks that all HTML developers perform. Based on our analysis of online job postings, these include the following.

Code Websites

HTML developers embed document tags in web pages to produce their visual appearance, present images, and allow linking to other web pages.

Ensure Cross-Platform Functionality

Websites are accessed with a variety of devices - from desktop computers to smartphones - and a range of browsers, such as Chrome and Safari. A key task for HTML developers is to ensure that the websites they create are functional with these different platforms.

Meet Publication Deadline

Companies and clients have a time frame in which they want to launch and have their website "go live." It is the HTML developer's responsibility to complete their project in a timely manner so that this deadline is met.

Collaborate with Designers

HTML developers work with website designers to create new websites or update existing ones. The website designer creates the plan for how the site is going to look and function, and the HTML developer takes their plan and brings it to life with the proper coding to give it the aesthetics and functionality requested.

Provide Support to Website Users

When issues arise in the use of the website, such as inability to access the site or nonfunctioning links, it is the responsibility of the HTML developer to offer technical support and help resolve the problem.

Test Websites

Clients want their customers and other users to able to access and use their website with ease. HTML developers test the site's background code to ensure this happens, checking for and fixing any problems that might prevent this.

HTML Developer Skills and Qualifications

HTML developers have a visual designer’s sensibilities with the technical skills to make their web designs a reality. They may have a computer science degree or be self-taught – either way, they should have a portfolio of work that demonstrates their skills. Employers also look for the following skills:

  • Technical skills - because they utilize various hardware, software, and web platforms in their job, HTML developers must have strong technical abilities
  • Attention to detail - the correct coding must be embedded in the correct location for the website to look and operate according to the client's specifications
  • Time management - HTML developers operate in a fast-paced, deadline-driven environment, often working on multiple projects at once, so it is imperative that they prioritize and handle stress well
  • Web development languages - proficiency with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and other languages is essential to developing interactive web pages and programs
  • Fast learner - the technology world is one of rapid change, and HTML developers need to keep up-to-date by learning new programs and concepts quickly

Tools of the Trade

HTML developers use these tools consistently and should be proficient in their use:

Markup and style sheet languages (HTML, CSS)

Programming languages (JavaScript)

Web development software (Dreamweaver)

HTML Developer Education and Training

A bachelor’s degree in a technical area such as computer science, web development, or information technology is one route to securing a position as a HTML developer. However, there also are many self-taught HTML developers. Employers prefer candidates who have six months to two years of experience. HTML proficiency is expected of all prospective developers, and skills in CSS, JavaScript, and Dreamweaver are major pluses.

HTML Developer Salary and Outlook

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) cites $66,130 as the median annual pay for HTML developers. Employees on the low range of the salary scale earn approximately $38,000, and those at the highest end of the pay scale earn over $100,000. Employees in this field are also eligible for bonuses, commissions, and profit sharing, which increases their salary.

With job growth of 15 percent expected by 2026, this field is projected to grow in correlation with the rise of e-commerce. This rate is faster than the average growth rate of other occupations.

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Helpful Resources

If you’re ready to enter the challenging, fast-paced world of HTML development, we’ve compiled a list of resources to help you get started:


this nonprofit association for developers, designers, webmasters, and other web professionals provides education, training resources (including certifications), and networking opportunities for those currently working in the field and those seeking to join it

International Web Association

renowned as the leading provider of educational and certification standards for web professionals, IWA created the industry's first guidelines related to ethical and professional standards, web certification, specialized employment resources, and technical assistance. IWA's mission is to provide members with professional advancement opportunities and encourage them in this pursuit through professional development

Web Developer's Cookbook

Robin Nixon's book is a valuable timesaving tool for web developers, providing easytouse instant solutions for web development projects using three of the most common web programming languages

Front-End Web Developer JavaScript, HTML 5, and CSS3

Mark Sapp's "boot camp in a book" uses integrated videos, interactive activities, and online exercises to help prospective web developers master programming techniques

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