Electrical Design Engineer Job Description
Electrical design engineers develop new electrical systems for various applications. They research systems ideas and draw up plans for these systems, usually using a computer program. They are responsible for developing system specifications and layouts. Electrical design engineers also test their systems and make adjustments as needed. In addition, they provide support throughout the manufacturing of the electrical systems they have designed.
Electrical design engineers generally work for engineering firms or in manufacturing settings. The employment growth rate for this occupation is projected to be 7% between 2016-2026, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The ever-changing world of technology and increasing use of electronic devices, along with the growing use of automated production equipment, are believed to be the main reasons for this expected growth rate.
Electrical Design Engineer Duties and Responsibilities
Striving for excellence, the best electrical design engineers are innovative, detail-oriented, and analytical. Electrical design engineers perform a variety of tasks. Our analysis of job postings revealed the following to be some of their core responsibilities:
Develop Electrical Systems
Electrical design engineers use software programs to design and perfect new electrical systems. They design prototypes, troubleshoot potential issues, make changes to fix any issues, and create specifications and other details for these systems.
Throughout the design process, electrical design engineers are responsible for documenting specifications, schematics, and diagrams regarding their projects. They must also produce reports addressing project progress and other details for managerial staff.
Provide Input in Electrical System Manufacturing
Electrical design engineers use their expertise to assist in the production of electrical systems; helping to avoid problems and addressing any issues that might arise in the manufacturing process, thus reducing downtime and ensuring that the project adheres to time and budget expectations.
Electrical Design Engineer Skills
Electrical design engineers are expected to consistently display strong communication, analytical, and problem-solving skills. Detail-oriented time managers with the ability to meet deadlines and focus on project schedules are most successful in this occupation. Organizational, leadership, and creative skills also benefit electrical design engineers. Besides these skills, it is important that electrical design engineers possess the following capabilities:
- Designing and laying out new electrical systems
- Creating system models and simulations
- Testing new systems and making design changes if needed
- Producing necessary design reports and documentation
- Assisting in the manufacture of new electrical systems
Electrical Design Engineer Tools of the Trade
It is imperative that electrical design engineers have a thorough knowledge of the necessary tools of the trade in order to be successful in their job. If you have the desire to become an electrical design engineer, you must understand the following:
- CAD software – use computer-aided design (CAD) software on a daily basis
- Project management concepts – from scheduling to meeting deadlines, electrical design engineers should be able to adhere to project management guidelines and processes
- Electrical codes – knowledge of electrical codes is important in the design and manufacture of electrical systems
Electric Design Engineer Education and Training
In most cases, employers seek candidates for electrical design engineer positions who hold a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering. These programs often teach students how to use CAD software, read technical drawings, and understand electrical theories and concepts. No licensing is required to work in this field; however, it could be helpful to secure a Professional Engineering (PE) license for career advancement purposes.
Electrical Design Engineer Salary
The BLS reports that electrical design engineers earn a median annual salary of $94,210. Those earning in the 10th percentile realize a salary of $59,720, while those in the top ten percent are paid a median salary of $149,040. States where electrical design engineers earn the highest mean annual wages are Alaska ($122,050), California ($115,290), and District of Columbia ($110,310).
Electrical Design Engineer Resources
We have provided links to more resources below to help you better understand what it takes to become and work as an electrical design engineer. Follow these links to professional associations, publications, blogs, and more:
IEEE – The organization for electrical and electronic engineers, IEEE provides a wide range of services for beginning and experienced electrical design engineers, from conferences and publications to educational and networking opportunities.
Electrical Construction & Maintenance (EC&M) Magazine – From current trends and regulations to reviews of codes and standards, this magazine addresses various issues and contemporary practices for electrical design engineers.
Power Developer Magazine – Published by EE Web, this magazine explores design practices and overviews of various electrical systems. It provides articles about new design methods, different technologies, and more.
E3 Series Modern Electrical Engineering Blog – Both beginning and seasoned electrical design engineers will find useful equipment and CAD software reviews, documentation systems, and even a history of electrical design on this site.
Electrical Engineering Community Blog – Electrical design engineers can refer to this blog to find interesting articles about the design and use of different types of electrical systems.
Engineering Design for Electrical Engineers – Written by an electrical engineer with a professional engineer designation, this book explores the principles and applications of electrical design engineering. Applications are illustrated in six detailed modules.
Design for Electrical and Computer Engineers – This book offers more than 300 pages about the design process and the tools and skills needed to be a successful electrical design engineer.
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