What is a Cloud Architect?

Cloud Architects are Information Technology (IT) professionals in charge of building and deploying applications, plans and strategies within and relating to their organization’s computing cloud. Their job includes monitoring cloud activity, designing and migrating applications, planning courses of action and defining computing loads, among other things. Cloud Architects occupy a unique place within the field of Information Technology, since they not only lead teams and create strategies like a non-technological manager would, but also use and possess strong technical knowledge in that same way that a technological engineer would.

Cloud Architects usually report to senior-level staff, such as an IT Director, while simultaneously building relationships with customers as well as working closely alongside teams of colleagues. They can be employed by technology companies, manufacturing companies, video game developers, design firms or any other organization that uses cloud technology. Typically, they will work exclusively in an office environment. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, demand for Computer Network Architects, which includes Cloud Architects, is rising by a faster-than-average 9 percent. This is expected to result in the opening of 12,700 positions each year through 2024.


Cloud Architect Duties and Responsibilities

In order to effectively manage and design their organization’s cloud, Cloud Architects perform a variety of essential tasks. We analyzed several online job postings to identify these core Cloud Architect duties and responsibilities.

Create Roadmaps

For a Cloud Architect to effectively manage a cloud, whether that cloud is public, private or hybrid, they must constantly be creating and modifying roadmaps. In the world of technology, a roadmap refers to a plan that’s designed achieve either short-term or long-term goals. To create a cloud roadmap, Cloud Architects will need to take the cloud’s capacity, efficiency and ecosystem security into consideration.

Describe Problems

While describing a problem may sound simple, it can involve decoding some very complicated information. For Cloud Architects, properly documenting and describing a problem within the cloud can require them to create diagrams, domain models, reference architecture and other types of software artifacts.

Devise Solutions

Once a problem has been identified, it’s up to the Cloud Architect to collaborate with software programmers and engineers in order to come up with possible solutions to that problem. The Cloud Architect must then recommend the solution that they think is best and oversee the implementation of that solution until the problem has been solved or reduced.

Lead a Team

Cloud Architects aren’t just in charge of analyzing a cloud’s performance–they’re also in charge of leading and managing a cross-functional technology team. This requires that the Cloud Architect combine technical knowledge with interpersonal skills so that the technology team can accomplish their goals efficiently and cooperatively.


Cloud Architect Skills

Successful Cloud Architects are natural leaders who are just as comfortable designing specific infrastructure plans as they are creating big-picture strategies. They are highly motivated and able to accomplish a great deal with little to no supervision, and they’re always willing to learn and research in order to keep their knowledge current. In addition to these general skills and personality traits, employers are looking for Cloud Architects with the following skills.

Core Skills: Based on our analysis of online job postings, employers are seeking Cloud Architects with these core skills. If you plan on pursuing a career as a Cloud Architect, focus on the following.

  • Extensive experience with programming languages such as Python, Ruby and Elixir
  • Background in IT engineering
  • Strong people skills
  • Excellent leadership skills
  • Excellent written and verbal communication
  • Ability to design and implement cloud infrastructure, platforms and applications

Advanced skills: While most employers do not strictly require the following skills, many list them as being preferred. To expand your career opportunities, zero in on these.


  • Knowledge of various complex IT ecosystems besides cloud architecture
  • Knowledge of the particular industry to which an employer belongs
  • Current certification as a Professional Cloud Solutions Architect (PCSA), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) and/or other related certifications

Tools of the trade: Cloud Architects use many tools to accomplish their daily goals. If you’re interested in becoming a Cloud Architect, you should be familiar with the following.

  • Programming and coding languages
  • Application program interface (API) management systems
  • Caching, queuing, network and security systems
  • Computers in general
  • Telecommunications systems


Cloud Architect Q & A

In order to get an insider’s perspective on what it’s like to be a Cloud Architect, we talked to Thomas Lehrer, a Cloud Architect at OneNeck IT Solutions.

What are some of the core duties performed by a Cloud Architect?

A Cloud Architect is responsible for understanding the market and the technologies that impact cloud adoption and functionality. A Cloud Architect must be able to understand the customer’s needs, leverage that knowledge and predict where they are looking to go as well as where they should go. Finally, a Cloud Architect must be able to design a scalable solution that the team can help build, deploy and support.

What challenges does a Cloud Architect face?

There are a multitude of challenges facing a Cloud Architect, including:

  • Technical limitations, which may require development of solutions never before deployed.
  • Design decisions that require research, potentially including market analysis and end-user polling.

What skills do Cloud Architects use most?

The number one skill of a Cloud Architect is having a solid understanding of the tools available as well as the imagination and courage to integrate technologies in a fashion never seen before. Those tools could be personnel, software or even basic hardware.

A Cloud Architect must:

  • Have strong analytical skills and be able to think at the macro level, while ensuring the design works on the micro level.
  • Be able to see the final solution, as it will be throughout the entire scale of its deployment.
  • Be able to design a solution with more than a single site or customer in mind.
  • Ensure the solution will scale globally and across multiple customers while minimizing impact to support structures and models.

What should someone consider before becoming a Cloud Architect?

Be sure that you are a person who can handle criticism. You will need to defend your design at all levels before it will ever become a reality. Understand that you will put in long hours. Know that people may not fully grasp what you are delivering but you will find satisfaction in the process, though you may not receive congratulations from coworkers or customers.

What type of person is successful in this job?

A successful Cloud Architect is self-motivated, pays attention to detail and has an analytical mind and the ability to design small yet extrapolate the solution to global scales. In addition, it’s a person who has the drive to solve problems at scale and understands that many times they will not be able to eliminate all problems but can choose the best option for the given solution. A successful Cloud Architect is also someone with a strong understanding of all technologies involved in a given cloud deployment, including but not limited to: networking, storage, compute hardware, automation systems, programming, scripting, operating systems and their supporting services.

What do you find to be the most rewarding about being a Cloud Architect?

The most rewarding part of being a Cloud Architect is seeing your thoughts take a life of their own as the product is built out. To have people utilize your solution to improve their business processes or lives (whether they are aware of it or not) can [also] be very awesome and humbling.


Cloud Architect Salary

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Computer Network Architects, which includes Cloud Architects, make a median annual wage of $100,240 per year. Cloud Architects in the 10th percentile make $56,230 per year, while those in the 90th percentile make $155,250 per year. Cloud Architects in California, Massachusetts and New Jersey earn the highest median annual wage in the United States: $126,400, $114,400 and $114,200 per year, respectively.


Cloud Architect Resources

We put together this list of resources to help you continue exploring your career as a Cloud Architect. Whether you’re looking for a blog or a book, you’re sure to find something of interest below.

On the Web

CloudTech – This blog is published by UK-based company TechForge covers new technologies, various strategies and industry news.

All Things Distributed – This blog is written by Amazon Chief Technology Officer, Werner Vogels, and focuses on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud.

Compare the Cloud – Written by various authors, this blog includes cloud computing tips, interviews and updates from conferences.

On LinkedIn

Cloud Computing – With nearly 400,000 members, this group is an ideal place to engage in discussion and learn about new innovations.

Cloud Architect Network – This group of more than 8,000 members is specifically geared towards Cloud Architects.

Cloud Security Alliance – With over 80,000 members, this group’s mission is to promote the best security practices and provide education.


Architecting the Cloud – Author Michael J. Kavis offers a vendor-neutral perspective on how to choose and design a cloud service model.

Cloud Computing Design Patterns – A comprehensive guide to cloud design patterns accompanied by detailed diagrams.

The Enterprise Cloud – This book covers nearly every aspect of cloud computing and architecture and thoroughly explains the best ways to design, deploy and operate a cloud.


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